United States of America

The United States of America, also known as the United States, the U.S., the U.S.A., the U.S. of A, the States, and America, is a country in North America. A federal republic, the United States shares land borders with Canada and Mexico, and extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Washington, D.C.

The present-day continental United States has been inhabited for at least 15,000 years by Native Americans. After 16th-century European exploration and settlement, the English established new colonies, and gained control of others, in the eastern portion of the continent in the 17th and early 18th centuries. On 4 July 1776, at war with Britain over fair governance, thirteen of these colonies declared their independence; in 1783, the war ended in British acceptance of the new nation. Since then, the country has more than quadrupled in size: it now consists of 50 states, one federal district, and a number of overseas territories.

At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.1 million km²), the U.S. is the third or fourth largest country by area, depending on the reckoning of the disputed areas of China. It is also the world’s third most populous nation, with nearly 300 million people.

The United States has maintained a liberal democratic political system since it adopted its constitution on September 17, 1787. American military and economic stature increased throughout the 20th century; with the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of the Cold War, the nation emerged as the world’s sole superpower.[1]

The earliest known use of the name America is from 1507, when a globe and a large map created by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller in Saint-Die-des-Vosges described the combined continents of North and South America. Although the origin of the name is uncertain[2], the most widely held belief is that expressed in an accompanying book, Cosmographiae Introductio, which explains it as a feminized version of the Latin name of Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (Americus Vespucius); in Latin, the other continents’ names were all feminine.

The Americas, including the region encompassing the thirteen colonies, were originally known as Columbia, prompting the name District of Columbia for the land set aside for the nation’s capital. Columbia remained a popular name for the United States until the early twentieth century, when it fell into relative disuse; but it is still used poetically and appears in various names and titles. A female personification of the country is also called Columbia; she is similar to Britannia. [3],[4],[5],[6],[7]

The term “united States of America” was first used officially in the Declaration of Independence, adopted on 4 July 1776. On 15 November 1777, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first of which stated “The Stile of this Confederacy shall be ‘The United States of America.'”

The adjectival and demonymic forms for the United States are American, a point of controversy among some.

Courtesy: Wikipedia.org
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About Thailand

Full Country Name: Thailand (Prathet Thai, meaning “land of the free”)

Capital: Bangkok (Krung Thep, meaning “city of angels”)


The kingdom of Thailand lies in the heart of Southeast Asia, making it a natural gateway to Indochina, Myanmar and Southern China. Its shape and geography divide into four natural regions : the mountains and forests of the North; the vast rice fields of the Central Plains; the semi-arid farm lands of the Northeast plateau; and the tropical islands and long coastline of the peninsula South.

The country comprises 76 provinces that are further divided into districts, sub-districts and villages. Bangkok is the capital city and centre of political, commercial, industrial and cultural activities. It is also the seat of Thailand’s revered Royal Family, with His Majesty the King recognised as Head of State, Head of the Armed Forces, Upholder of the Buddhist religion and Upholder of all religions.

Thailand is a constitutional monarchy with His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, or King Rama IX, the ninth king of the Chakri Dynasty, the present king. The King has reigned for more than half a century, making him the longest reigning Thai monarch. Thailand embraces a rich diversity of cultures and traditions. With its proud history, tropical climate and renowned hospitality, the Kingdom is a never-ending source of fascination and pleasure for international visitors.

Neighboring Countries:
1) Myanmar – west and north,
2) Lao P.D.R. – north and northeast,
3) Cambodia – southeast and
4) Malaysia – south.

Area: 513,115 sq. km.


Thailand is divided into 4 natural regions:

The mountainous North, with its profusion of multi-coloured orchids, fascinating native handicrafts and winter temperatures are sufficiently cool to permit cultivation of temperate fruits such as strawberries and peaches;

The high Northeast Plateau, which still jealously guards its many archaeological and anthropological mysteries;

The Central Plain, one of the world’s most fertile rice and fruit-growing areas with colourful traditional culture and way of life as well as the sandy beaches of the East Coast and vibrant cosmopolitan Bangkok;

The peninsular South where the unspoiled beaches and idyllic islands complement economically vital tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing.


Thais are well-known for their friendliness and hospitality. A large majority of over 62 million citizens of Thailand are ethic Thai, along with strong communities whose ethnic origins lie in China, India and elsewhere. About 7 million people reside in the capital city of Bangkok.


Thai (80%), Chinese (10%), Malay (3%), and the rest are minorities (Mons, Khmers, hill tribes) Ethnic Thais form the majority, though the area has historically been a migratory crossroads, and has thus produced a degree of ethnic diversity. Integration is such, however, that culturally and socially there is enormous unity.


Spoken and written Thai is largely incomprehensible to the casual visitor. However, English is widely understood, particularly in Bangkok where it is almost the major commercial language. English and some European Languages are spoken in most hotels, shops and restaurants in major tourist destinations, and Thai-English road and street signs are found nationwide.

Religion: Buddhism (95%), Muslim (4%), others (1%)


Thailand has had a constitutional monarchy since 1932. Parliament is composed of 2 houses, The House of Representatives and the Senate. Both representatives and senators are elected by the people. A prime minister elected from among the representatives leads the government. The country is divided into 76 provinces. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration comes under an elected governor. Appointed provincial governors administer the other 75 provinces (Changwat), which are divided into districts (Amphoe), sub-districts (Tambon) and villages (Mu Ban).

Head of State:

H.M. King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX of the Chakri Dynasty)

Prime Minister: Thaksin Shinawatra


76 provinces, each subdivided into amphoe (district), tambon (sub-district) and muban (village)

National Flag:

The red, white, and blue stripes symbolize the nation, Buddhism, and the monarchy, respectively.


The time in Thailand is seven hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+7 hours GMT).


Thailand enjoys a tropical climate with three distinct seasons-hot and dry from February to May (average temperature 34 degrees Celsius and 75% humidity); rainy with plenty of sunshine from June to October (average day temperature 29 degrees Celsius and 87% humidity); and cool from November to January (temperatures range from 32 degrees Celsius to below 20 degrees Celsius with a drop in humidity).

Much lower temperatures are experienced in the North and Northeast during nighttime. The South has a tropical rainforest climate with temperatures averaging 28 degrees Celsius almost all year round.


The electric current is 220 volt AC (50 cycles) throughout the country. Many different types of plugs and sockets are in use. Travellers with electric shavers, hair dryers, tape recorders and other appliances should carry a plug adapter kit. The better hotels will make available 110-volt transformers.

Tap water:

Tap water is clean but drinking from it directly should be avoided. Bottled water is recommended

Clothing :

Light, cool clothes are sensible and a jacket is needed for formal meetings and dining in top restaurants. Shorts (except knee length walking shorts), sleeveless shirts, tank tops and other beach-style attire are considered inappropriate dress when not actually at the beach or in a resort area.

Weights & Measures :

The metric system is used throughout Thailand. Numerals on vehicle speed ohmmeters, highway markers and speed limits all indicate kilometres.

Business hours :

Most commercial concerns in Bangkok operate on a five-day week, usually from 8 am to 5 pm. Many stores open seven days a week from 10 am to 10 pm. Government offices are generally open between 8.30 am and 4.30 pm with a noon to 1 pm lunch break, Monday to Friday except on public holidays. Banks are open Mondays to Fridays from 9.30 am to 3.30 pm except on public holidays.

Postal Services :

Thailand’s mail service is reliable and efficient. Major hotels provide basic postal services on their premises. Provincial post offices are usually open from 8.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.

International Roaming Mobile Phone : A Subscriber Identity Module Card (SIM Card) is now available for Thai and foreign customers who are travelling around for work. The SIM Card must be used in conjunction with a Digital GSM mobile phone within the 900-MHz range or a Digital PCN mobile phone within the 1800-MHz range.

Fax and E-Mail :

All of Thailand’s leading hotels offer facsimile (fax) and e-mail services. Numerous private businesses offer such facilities, most often in conjunction with translation services.

Internet Services :

Thailand has been expanding its information service for residents and tourists alike through the Internet system. Services are now available at Thailand’s leading hotels and at the many ” Cyber-Cafes ” that are cropping up in all major tourist destinations.

Telephone Services :

At present, all telephone numbers (for local calls and long distance calls within the country) have nine digits.

For Bangkok calls, 02 is added to the existing numbers i.e. 0 2694 1222.

For provincial calls, an area code is added to the existing numbers. For example, area code for Chiang Mai is 053 = 0 5324 8604; area code for Phuket is 076 = 0 7621 1036.
For mobile phones, 01 or 09 is added to the existing numbers.
The new system has no effect on international phone calls.
The international dialing code for Thailand is 66.
When making international calls to Thailand, add 66 and omit the leading 0.

When making international calls from Thailand, first dial 001+country code+area code+telephone number

If calling Laos or Malaysia, there is a special code which is charged at a semi-domestic rate.
When calling Laos, first dial 007+856+area code+telephone number
When calling Malaysia, first dial 09+06+area code+telephone number
Direct assistance: 1133 (local), 100 (international)

Emergency Telephone Numbers

Central Emergency (Police, Ambulance, Fire) : 191

Highway Patrol : 1193

Crime Suppression : 195 or (662) 513 3844

Tourist Police (English, French and German spoken) : 1155

Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) Call Centre : 1672

Immigration Bureau : (662) 287 3101-10

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Heart patients and travel insurance

By insurancewide.com
December 16 2005
Shop around to get the cover you need and follow our ten tips for healthier, safer travel
Thousands of people with heart conditions are being denied a holiday abroad because of difficulties in obtaining travel insurance, according to recent research.
The British Heart Foundation claims that its helpline takes more calls on holiday insurance than any other subject.

The best tip is to shop around for an insurer and a policy that suits you.
The British heart foundation website has a list of companies that may be able to help
You’ll find them on its website (opens new browser)
Reduce your risks

People with heart disease should take precautions and discuss travel plans with their doctor before stepping on an aeroplane.
The risk of complications onboard can be reduced by following a few simple steps. Researchers recommend the following pre-travel checklist for people with heart disease:
1. Shop around for travel insurance to make sure you get the best premium suited to your needs.
2. Carry an ample supply of all medications, make sure they are labelled and placed in carry-on baggage.
3. Carry a copy of a normal electrocardiogram (ECG) if you have an irregular heartbeat or have a pacemaker.
4. Carry contact numbers and web site addresses for pacemaker and ICD manufacturers and local representatives in the destination country if travelling abroad.
5. Travellers over 50 years old or those under 50 with one or more risk factors for deep venous thrombosis (such as obesity, large varicose veins, congestive heart failure, pregnancy, recent major surgery, use of hormone replacement therapy, or oral contraceptives) should wear below-the-knee compression stockings (20 Hg-30 Hg) when travelling on a plane for more than eight hours or 3,100 miles. 6. Confirm aisle seating if at risk for deep vein thrombosis. This will allow you to get in and out of your seat, walk around, and stretch your legs without disrupting other passengers.
7. Avoid alcoholic drinks onboard and remain well hydrated by drinking water regularly.
8. Address any new symptoms with your doctor before travelling.
9. Check the CDC’s website for up-to-date immunization and antimalarial recommendations. This is a useful US government site.
10. Consider buying medical evacuation insurance if your health insurance doesn’t cover medical evacuation.
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How to buy travel insurance

By Nic Cicutti, MSN Money special correspondent
January 06 2005
Getting the right cover at the right price will save you a lot of money and give you peace of mind.
Bear with me, this is a confession of financial ineptitude from someone who should know better.
A couple of years ago, only an hour or so before flying out on a week’s holiday in New York with my partner, I suddenly realised that we had no travel insurance. No problem, I thought, I’ll just go and buy one from one of the counters at the airport.
A few minutes later and almost £70 lighter, I had my travel insurance, valid for just those six-and-a-bit days. Given that each year we go abroad several times, weekends included, this was a complete waste of money.

For almost the same amount, it is now possible to buy an annual policy, valid for a family and two children, travelling worldwide as many times as one wishes over a full 12 months. A little more foresight would have spared me that £60.
Confession over – let’s turn to what you should be doing.

Do you need travel insurance?
While travelling within the European Economic Area (including EC countries, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway), you are entitled to reciprocal state-provided health services by taking with you a form called E111, available from all Post Offices.
You must get the form stamped at the Post Office before you leave.
Remember, the level of treatment you will receive is based on what the state provides its own residents, which may not always be what you could expect here in the UK. In other non-EEA countries, of course, even this minimum may not apply.
There are, however, more limited reciprocal medical treatment agreements with some non-EEA countries.
Meanwhile, an E111 form will not provide for immediate repatriation in the event of serious injury. Yet the cost of an air ambulance from Spain to the UK alone can be as much as £9,000.
By the way, if you require ongoing treatment for an existing condition within the EEA, you should obtain form E112 from the Department of Health.
The cover will require medical authorisation. Remember to check any exclusions in each country you are visiting.
Moreover, travel insurance is not only about health. It also covers issues such as liability to third parties, theft, loss of personal possessions, flight cancellation and so on.
So if in doubt, travel insurance is a must. The question is of what type and where to buy it from.
Travel operators or your own cover?
A staggering 80 per cent of people take out insurance offered by travel agents when they book their holiday.
Yet research shows that holidaymakers waste up to £250 million a year buying their cover this way. The Research Department (TRD), an independent organisation, last year found travel insurance cost up to twice as much when booked through an operator instead of being bought separately.
Part of the reason for this is that some travel agents use high-pressure sales techniques to ensure customers buy their insurance products.
For example, five years ago the Monopolies and Mergers Commission banned the practice of making discounted holidays conditional on taking out insurance.
But one new tactic employed by travel agents is to tell customers they will not make a holiday booking unless they have proof of insurance. However, it is completely legal to travel without insurance, although many people are unaware of the regulations.
If someone tries it on with you, explain very politely to the agent that you would like to have his or her name so that you can report them and their company to the Office of Fair Trading, which polices this type of sales activity.
One additional point to remember is that insurance sold through a travel operator is subject to insurance premium tax at 17.5 per cent. If bought through a broker or directly from an insurance company it falls to 5 per cent.
Annual or single travel policy
Most of us tend to think of travel insurance in relation to large holidays we take, possibly once or twice a year. Yet the explosion of cheap air fares means far more people travel abroad than ever before.
Hardly surprisingly, figures from the Foreign Office show that while 13 per cent of UK residents fail to take out adequate insurance in relation to all travel abroad, this rises to 43 per cent of travellers who go on short breaks.
It is just as possible to suffer an accident or a theft during a weekend in Venice, Barcelona or Prague as it is in a two-week break in Greece, Spain or France. If you are likely to be travelling abroad more than once a year, it makes sense to take out annual cover.
Which policy to buy
At this point, you’re probably thinking: “Right, I know I need annual travel cover, where do I get it?”
Patience. Before you buy, here are a few more things to consider (in no particular order).
Pre-existing medical conditions: if you have one, you must inform your insurer before taking out the policy or you may not be covered when you travel abroad. When looking for cover, a simple tip is to contact the support organisation related to your medical condition: they will know who can offer insurance.
How long you will be travelling abroad. Most annual travel insurance policies won’t cover you for more than 31 days at a time, so if you are planning to stay away for longer, you may need a specific policy that allows you to do that. There are several types of ‘backpacker’ policy available, but be aware that they cost more.
Winter sports: increasing numbers of people want to ski for a couple of weeks. Not only is it important to have a certain amount of ski cover, but if you intend to take part in certain ‘intensive’ winter sports (off-piste skiing or tobogganing, for example), make sure that too is covered. Also, if you are a regular skier, protection against theft of ski from roof racks, insurance against lack of snow or ski lifts being closed and so on, also matter. Specialist insurance may be necessary.
Many policies don’t cover ‘extreme sports’, such as microlighting, mountaineering or parachuting, so always check.
Travelling separately. If you and your partner make different overseas trips, you will want protection for this. Not all policies offer this, so ask.
Cover for older people is sometimes harder to obtain. Most of the main insurers don’t offer annual policies to older travellers as they tend to travel more often. And, because they’re perceived to be in greater risk of needing medical help when travelling abroad, they are thought to be more likely to make claims. Some set the cut-off age as low as 65, while with others it’s 75. And that includes some of the insurers which focus on the over 50s market.
While Age Concern and Help the Aged set no age limit on annual policies, RIAS (Retirement Insurance Advisory Service), Insure and Go have an age limit of 75.
An exception among the mainstream insurers is Nationwide, which will cover travellers through both its single trip and annual policies up to the age of 99.
People with HIV may be surprised to learn that they too may not be able to obtain cover. Organisations like the Terrence Higgins Trust can help find a broker offering specialist policies.
Family definitions also matter. Some annual policies, such as the one offered will cover a family of two adults and two children up to the age of 18 years. A few extend this to age 19, or even older if still in higher education. Others simply cover adults under the age of 65 plus any number of children or grandchildren under 18 in full-time education living at the same address. Mind you, by that age your children may not want to go on holiday with you anyway.
In many cases, travel insurance duplicates cover you may already have available under the terms of your home contents policy. Some insurers offer a discount of up to 10-15 per cent for excluding certain items (camcorders, portable computers) from their travel cover. Make sure you ask.
Where to go for the right policy?
There are a number of key sources of travel insurance you may want to try.
First, for standard travel cover to suit most people, including extended breaks, you can use MSN Money’s quotation service.
Get a cheap travel insurance quote and buy online
You can also find links to travel insurance sites by using MSN Search
Below are other sites that offer more specialist services:
Activesure.co.uk – for extreme sports travel insurance
For older readers, the over50s.com site has details of a number of different policies that may help
If the worst comes to the worst
One of the things that people rarely bargain with is what happens when you need to make a claim. All insurers and brokers claim to have simple claims handling systems and not to put unnecessary obstacles in the way of claims.
This is not always true. If you have a complaint to make about your claim, it should first be made to your insurer or broker.
Should you fail to reach agreement, you can go to the Financial Ombudsman Service, which has a wealth of detail on the grounds for complaining as well as how to do so.
Visit the Ombudsman site for more information
As for me, my holiday this summer is likely to be spent in horizontal fashion on a beach. It’ll be all the more relaxing knowing that I didn’t get ripped off on my travel insurance this time.

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Travel Insurance

Top 10 Travel Insurance Tips
MSN Money staff
August 12 2005

You spend hours and hours agonising over where to go on holiday, yet most people either book their travel insurance at the last minute or – horror of horrors – don’t take it out at all

Leave your travel insurance to the last minute and you will probably end up paying a lot more for your policy. And while no one likes to think that things will go wrong, unfortunately sometimes they do. You could miss your flight or ferry, lose your baggage or money, or, perhaps worst of all, become ill or injured while you are abroad.

Travel insurance can help you deal with these emergencies. For many people it enables them to continue their holidays. For those that have to curtail their holidays because of illness or injury, they have the peace of mind that they will receive the treatment they need and if necessary be brought home. It has emerged recently that the terms and conditions of many credit cards contain clauses that mean many people are not insured when travelling abroad, even though they believe they are. It’s vital to be insured and it’s vital that you are covered for every eventuality. Here’s 10 things to consider when choosing travel insurance:

1. Does the policy provide sufficient cover for any medical eventuality and repatriation? The Foreign and Commonwealth Office recommends that the level of cover should be £1 million for Europe and £2 million for the rest of the world.
2. Does the policy provide a 24-hour emergency service/assistance company?
3. Does the policy cover a full refund of your costs if the trip is cancelled or cut short for any reason?
4. Does the cancellation cover start immediately?
5. Does the policy cover all the activities and sports that you might do? Many policies do not cover various activities, particularly “extreme sports” such as bungee jumping and sky diving.
6. Does the policy cover personal liability, in the event that you accidentally cause injury or damage to others and their property and they sue you?
7. Does the policy offer reimbursement of legal expenses incurred if a damage claim needs to be made?
8. Does the limit for stolen, lost or damaged possessions sufficiently cover what the items are worth?
9. How many children are covered under a family policy?
10. If you are travelling regularly during the year, would it be cheaper to take out an annual policy rather than single-trip cover each time?

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Langkawi Malaysia

Malaysian cities: Tours to Langkawi

Go on Tours to Langkawi, an island off west coast of the Malay Peninsula near the Thai border. The island is known for some of the best beaches of Asia, lush rainforests habited by wildlife and mesmerizing natural beauty. The main island of Langkawi along with some 100 small isles is perfect retreat if you are looking for peace and tranquility.

The major tourist attractions to visit on Tours to Langkawi are:

Beaches of Langkawi
When on Tours to Langkawi, one cannot miss on fabulous beaches. The important beaches in Langkawi are Kanjung Rhu, Panti Kok, Pantai Genang, Pantai Tengh, Datai and Burau Bay. These beeches are perfect for sun bathing, relaxing, strolling and indulging in adventurous water sports.

Tasik Dayang Bunting
Tasik Dayang Bunting or the Lake of the Pregnant Maiden is the largest lake in Langkawi. Lying on an island towards south of Pulau Langkawi over a hill, the lake gives an impression of a pregnant lady lying on her back. There is a legend related to the name of the island and the lake about a pretty fairy princess who married a mortal prince. Her first child died soon after the birth whom she buried in the pure water of the lake. Before laving for her heavenly abode, she blessed the lake with a boon that any childless woman will soon conceive after bathing in the water of the lake.

Underwater World Langkawi
Not to be missed on Tours to Langkawi is the Underwater World. On Pantai Cenang, it is a marine showcase where you can spot both fresh water and salt-water fishes and more than 5000 other marine life in more than 100 tanks of different sizes. The giant tank featuring sharks, stingrays, groupers and green turtles is the highlight of the Underwater World, which can be seen from a 15 m long tunnel. You can also witness a range of sea plans and weeds, fossils and shell as well in the Underwater World Langkawi.

Pulau Payar Marine Park
Positioned in the Straits of Melaka in the north surrounded by islands of Pulau Payar, Pulau Lembu, Pulau Segantang and Pulau Kaca is the Pulau Payar Marine Park. The park is known for assortment of marine life and vegetation. Endangered species of fishes and other marine life live within a sanctuary. The Coral Garden is the spot covered with colorful soft corals. You can also take pleasures in making the maximum use of the beaches here for your thrill and excitement. The place is also ideal for water sports like swimming, diving and snorkeling.

Kampung Buku Malaysia
On Tours to Langkawi, do visit the Kampung Buku Malaysia. Part of the International Book Villages and Book Towns Movement, it is the one and only book village in South East Asia. Nestled at the foot of Gunung Raya, the highest peak of the island, it is surrounded by verdant green forest. The book lovers have an absolutely peaceful environment to indulge in book reading, as various houses in this village have a rich collection of new, old and rare books on several topics.

Laman Padi Langkawi
Laman Padi Langkawi is the latest attraction on Tours to Langkawi. Located on Pantai Cenang, it is must for agro-tourism lovers. One can learn the history, heritage and development of the rice-growing industry of Malaysia. At the Rice Museum, you can have a look at various artifacts, charts and photographs about the importance of Padi cultivation to the country. The tourists can also enjoy the bird’s eye view of the farms from top of the roof of the garden.

Malaysia Singapore offers online booking requests for tour and tour packages to Malaysia Tourist Destinations. For any queries or more information, kindly fill up the form below.

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Phetchaburi Thailand

Phetchaburi, locally known by Thais as Muang Phetch, is located 160 kilometers south of Bangkok. One of Thailands central region provinces, Phetchaburi is situated on the western shore of the Gulf of Thailand with an overall area of approximately 6,225 square kilometers. Its terrains throughout the western border, where Tanaosri Range lies as a natural border between Thailand and Myanmar, are mountainous dense jungles. In the east, there is an 80-kilometer long coastline towards the Gulf of Thailand.

A very old city which used to be an important royal fort town, Phetchaburi had been given several names such as, Phripphri, Phripphli or Phetchaphli. Some historians have gone as far as to say that Phetchaburi could have been named in Indian style, as the Indian influence in those days day was strong. Others put forward the idea that the name Phetchaburi might have originated from Maenam Phetch the most important river of the town.

Whatever the assumptions are, the fact that Phetchaburi is an ancient city with a very long history is undeniable. This has been proven by many archaeological findings which could be dated back to the Dvaravati Period.

During Sukhothai and Ayutthaya Kingdoms, Phetchaburi was a strategic royal fort in the west. Only a lineage of Kings had the rights to rule this historical city. That is why Phetchaburi has been called by some scholars as the “Living Ayutthaya” as the town shares many similar things to the City of Ayutthaya. The prosperity of the Ayutthaya Kingdom can be seen and appreciated in Phetchaburi’s wealth of fine old temples.

In the Rattanakosin Era, Phetchaburi has changed its character to a town of charming beauty, with peaceful seaside resorts and superb natural reserves. The three Kings of the Rattanakosin Period, King Rama IV, V, and VI established their retreats here. They built the three palaces namely Phranakhonkhiri, Phraramrajanivet, Phrarajnivesmarugadayawan in Phetchaburi thus, Phetchaburi is also known as Muang Sam Wang (the city of the three Palaces). The province is also well known for its splendid historical park, ancient temples, wonderful beaches and caves, as well as a great variety of local and fresh seafood. Phetchaburi also has a popular resort town, Cha-am which is the premier beach resort in the province.

The majority of the local residents are engaged in agricultural activities including rice farming, upland crop farming, fruit farming, palm sugar production, animal husbandry and sea and fresh water fisheries.

There are three important Maenam in Phetchaburi including “Maenam Phetchaburi with an overall length of 227 kilometers, “Maenam Bang Kloy”, with an overall length of 44 kilometers, and “Maenam Bang Tabun”, with an overall length of 18 kilometers.